With its magnificent boulevards lined by elegant, 19th-century buildings in rose-tinted brick, Toulouse, at first glimpse, seems a city steeped in history.
But its colourful past is matched by a bright future. This is the home of France’s aviation industry, and a European centre for space exploration. In a weekend here, you can pilot a virtual biplane, walk through the Mir Space Station and ride on a giant Minotaur, before refuelling with cassoulet and a glass of Languedoc red.
09:30 Take a stroll along the Canal du Midi to the city’s imposing main station, Toulouse-Matabiau. It’s just a four-minute ride by TER regional train to the suburb of Montaudran, where the city’s connection with aviation began.
10:00 Visit Flight of The Pioneers, a new museum commemorating the trailblazers who spearheaded long-distance flight from Europe (entry cost €8; L’envol Des Pioneers). After The First World War ended, aeronautical engineer Pierre-Georges Latecoere used former military aircraft and aviators – including aristocratic author Antoine de Saint-Exupery – to carry mail to the French colonies in Africa and South America.
At the former aerodrome, watch actors deliver dramatic accounts of their exploits and achievements (in English as well as French). Then test your flying skills on a custom-designed simulator, piloting a Breguet 29 biplane over the desert where Saint-Exupery crashed – inspiring him to write Le Petit Prince.
11:30 Next door, engineering takes a quirky turn. Street-theatre company La Machine has built a permanent home for some of its mechanical creations, including a gigantic spider and a winged, fire-breathing Minotaur, which paraded through the city streets last year at the exhibits launch.
Watch operators work smaller machines in the hall, then take a 45-minute ride up and down the former runway on the back of the 15 metre tall Minotaur. Finish up with lunch at the Minotaur Cafe, which overlooks the machines (€16 for entrance and ride. Halle de la Machine).
13:30 Just ten minutes in a taxi – Toulouse has Uber – will take you out of this world, at Cite de l’espace. This extraordinary space museum will give you an insight both into the city’s role – the Mars rover Curiosity was partially developed and piloted from Toulouse, and this is where young French astronaut Thomas Pesquet studied – and into the wider history of space exploration.
See a live feed from the window of the International Space Station, journey through the galaxy in the planetarium and learn how astronauts use the toilet in zero gravity. Outside, you can see a real-size model of the Ariane 5 rocket, walk through a prototype of the Mir space station, and even climb into a Soyuz launch capsule (€21 Cite L’espace).
16:30 Head back to central Toulouse and browse for an outfit for the evening. The city is the birthplace of many a cutting-edge fashion-brand, from Le Comptoir des Cotonniers to the Kooples. There are branches of both near the Esquirol Metro Station.
19:30 Toulouse is a university city with a bright, buzzy nightlife. Enjoy a lively atmosphere and sample some local specialities at Cosmopolitan, a bustling, centrally-located restaurant, specialising in Ocean-style tapas (Cosmopolitan Toulouse).
22:00 Time for a nightcap. Choose your grape at N5 Wine Bar – there are 500 wines available by the glass, including a wide choice from the local Languedoc-Roussillon region.
09:30 Take a wander through the streets of the old town, full of tall, 19-century, pink-brick buildings that have given the city its nickname, La Ville Rose. Street names in both French and Occitan highlight this region’s historic refusal to bow to the rule of Paris. The mishmash of architectural styles visible in St Etienne Cathedral is evidence of a 13th-century clash between the dominant Catholicism and the rebellious Cathars.
10:30 Enjoy one of the city centre’s most tranquil spaces, and get an overview of fine arts from the Middle Ages right through to the 20th century. The Musee des Augustins is a former Gothic convent, with rooms of Renaissance sculptures, Romantic paintings and even colourful, modern works by contemporary artist Jorge Pardo. It’s all set around a beautiful cloister, colonised by gargoyles rescued from other religious buildings (€2, free the first Sunday of every month. Musee des Augustins).
12:00 Visit La Capitole, its magnificent neoclassical facade stretching the whole length of the square that shares its name. Inside, you’ll find gilded reception rooms and a series of giant canvases by local impressionist Henri Martin, showing the city throughout the seasons.
13:00 Walk to the Marche Victor Hugo, where the region’s finest produce can be found. Shop for supplies to take home, including specialities such as foie gras, Toulouse sausages, cassoulet in tall jars, Roquefort and crisp, almond Croquant biscuits. With your appetite well and truly whetted, get some lunch. Start with a few oysters and a glass of wine at one of the fish stalls, and then head up to the first floor where a handful of restaurants cook with the freshest of ingredients (Marche Victor Hugo).
15:00 Ahead of your flight home, head out towards the airport in Blagnac and visit Aeroscopia. This aeronautical museum is a plane-spotter’s dream: you can climb into the cockpit of a Concorde – the first prototype of the supersonic jet was built and tested in Toulouse – and see everything from a nippy MiG fighter jet to an enormous, swing-nosed Super Guppy cargo plane. You have to see the latter to believe it! (€12.50, Musee Aeroscopia).
Anyone with an interest in how planes are made can book a tour of the huge Airbus factory next door, where you can see the assembly line for the giant lady of the skies, the Airbus A380. You’ll also see the latest aircraft to be built by Airbus, the A350 (reserve at least two days in advance. Airbus Tour).